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ACL Tear

ACL is one of the 4 major ligaments located in the middle of the knee, femur, and tibia known as cruciate because it crosses with posterior cruciate ligament.

ACL function

Provides rotational and anterior stability of the knee joint. Prevents translation of the femur over the tibia.

Causes of ACL tear

ACL is particularly vulnerable to injuries during contact sports, football, rugby, basketball and athletes.

ACL injury signs and symptoms

  • Pain
  • Swelling
  • Knee giving away Instability
  • Popping sound at the time of injury
  • Decreased range of motion
  • Limp
  • ACL Diagnosis

  • History
  • Clinical examination
  • X-ray
  • MRI scan gold standard
  • ACL Tear Type

    Complete/Partial ACL tear/Avulsion injury of the ACL

    ACL Treatment

    Acute injury of the ACL can be managed with rest, ice, compression, elevation Options of treatment is conservatively with ACL rehabilitation/ACL reconstruction
    If the patient would like to proceed for sport activities, he requires ACL reconstruction Partial tear of ACL can be repaired. Innovative approach is to use stem cell with ACL reconstruction to expedite faster recovery.

    ACL graft

    Hamstring graft bone Patella tendon graft Quadriceps graft Peroneal tendon graft and Allograft Outcome of ACL surgery is good and patient returns back to sports activity within 7 to 9 months.